The liver is one of the principal organs of the constant internal environment maintenance - a homeostasis. Liver functions are: products bile; regul

Role and functions of liver

The liver is one of the principal organs of the constant internal environment maintenance — a homeostasis.

Liver functions are:

  • products bile;
  • regulates the metabolism of fats, carbohydrates, proteins, vitamins and minerals in the body;
  • lays in store nutrients, in particular glycogen;
  • takes part in blood formation and blood clotting processes;
  • it is a major source of heat in the body;
  • particular importance has its barrier (protective) function, which lies in the removal of toxic substances. Taken from http://worldofschool.org

All the blood flowing from the intestine passes through the hepatic portal system. Harmful substances and poisons that entered the body, retain by the liver, neutralize are excrete with bile through the intestine. With constant impact of various toxins (e.g. alcohol and drugs), a destruction of liver cells (hepatocytes) occurs. They are replaced by connective tissue, which leads to the development of an incurable disease — cirrhosis of the liver.

Questions:
  • What are the functions of the liver that are not related with the digestive process?