Gonads Gonads of men and women belong to the exocrine and endocrine, the mixed glands. Exocrine function is that they produce gametes. Endocrine func

Gonads and thymus

Gonads

Gonads of men and women belong to the exocrine and endocrine, the mixed glands. Exocrine function is that they produce gametes. Endocrine function of sexual glands is influenced by gonadotropic hormones of adenohypophysis and sex hormones of the adrenal glands.

Testicles

Male gonads are called the testicles. They produce male sex hormones — androgens (from Greek “a man”).

Ovaries

Female gonads — ovaries — produce estrogens (from Greek “desire” and “origin”). Taken from http://worldofschool.org

Thymus

Thymus (thymic gland) is located in the chest; it plays a leading role in the development of immunity. Usually it is well developed in children, but after puberty gradually undergoes the reverse development. Thymus functions are not fully discovered. The main substance that it produces — is thymosin. Under its influence, goes the formation of T-lymphocytes. It was found that the development of immunodeficiency diseases such as AIDS is associated with disorders of thymus functions.

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Questions:
  • What are the functions of gonads?

  • Which endocrine gland atrophies at the time of puberty?

  • What do you know about the structure and function of the thymus gland?