The skin has many functions: it is the largest in area sense organ; it plays an important role in promoting human immunity; it is the excrete organ m

Functions of the skin

The skin has many functions:

  • it is the largest in area sense organ;
  • it plays an important role in promoting human immunity;
  • it is the excrete organ — the excess water, salt and various harmful substances are excreted with the sweat from the body;
  • the skin is involved in the regulation of body temperature;
  • it synthesizes vitamin D;
  • it also serves as the respiratory function — cutaneous respiration, which is 1-2% of the total gas exchange;
  • the skin's ability to self-cleaning (rejection of dead epithelium), the presence of a dense stratum corneum prevents entering of harmful bacteria into the body;
  • due to its structure, skin and subcutaneous tissue protect the body from mechanical and chemical damage;
  • production of dark pigment in the skin prevent the harmful effects of solar radiation of ultraviolet radiation on the body.
Categories:
Questions:
  • What are the functions of the skin?

  • What organ systems are involved in providing skin functions?

  • What structural formations of the skin are related with performance of skin functions?