The scientific name of each species consists of two words in Latin, e.g. Felis silvestris - European wildcat, Felis chaus - jungle cat. In the

Animal classification example

The scientific name of each species consists of two words in Latin, e.g. Felis silvestris — European wildcat, Felis chaus — jungle cat.

In these names of species first word denotes the genus name (always written with a capital letter), that current species belongs to, and the second — the species name (written with a lowercase letter). Such template is the same for scientists of all countries.

Using unified international scientific names of species avoids misunderstandings.

For example, the Maybug is also called a cockchafer. However, the scientific name of this species is only one — Melolontha melolontha.

How are systematic lower-level categories (e.g. species) combined in categories of higher rank (e.g. genera)? To do this, researchers determine the degree of kinship between organisms, that is, derive a common ancestor. They study a variety of features: structures, life processes, the ability to free interbreeding, similarity of the chemical composition, cell structure, habitat requirements, etc.

Classification example

Species

Species — is a set of individuals that are similar to each other in structure, life processes, habitat requirements, that can freely interbreed in nature and produce fertile descendants, and inhabit a defined territory.

Only in some cases, individuals of one species can mate with individuals of other species, and leave fertile descendants (e.g. a dog and a wolf, hare white and gray).

Genus

As in the taxonomy of plants and fungi, similar animal species are combined in genera. For example, species European wild cat and jungle cat belong to the genus Cats.

Family

Related genera are combined into families. For example, genera Felis and Big cats (in this genus include such well-known species such as lion, tiger, leopard and jaguar) belong to the Felidae family.

Orders

In turn, the close families are combined in orders. For example, Felidae and Canidae — two families of Carnivora order. Taken from http://worldofschool.org

Class

Related groups constitute a class. For example, the order Carnivora, Pinniped, Rodent and other belong to the Mammalia class.

Phylum

Close classes combined into phylums. For example, a class Mammalia and a class Aves are part of the Chordata phylum.

Kingdom

The highest systematic category is kingdom. For example, all types of animals included in the Animal kingdom.

Questions:
  • What is the species?

  • What is the difference between genus and species?

  • How to write genus and species?